The Serbian Society for Parasitology (SSP) has been founded in alignment with the new national legislation at a General Assembly meeting on 28 June 2012 in Belgrade. Although this is the official foundation date of a society under this name, the SSP was preceded by a long tradition of activity of the Yugoslav Society of Parasitologists (YSP), founded in 1971, and following the dissolution of the former Yugoslavia, succeeded by a Serbian Society of Parasitologists. In early recognition of both its domestic and international activities, the European Federation of Parasitologists (EFP) granted the YSP the hosting of its second congress, the 2nd European Multicolloquium of Parasitology (EMOP), which by all accounts was a very successful meeting held in Trogir (now Croatia) in 1975.

Professional activity of the Society members has been continuous during all these decades, with much of the needs of professionals working in the fields of both human and veterinary parasitology being fulfilled, in parallel with the once envisaged decrease of significance of parasitic infections, through other professional and scientific societies more broadly related to parasitology (microbiology, immunology etc.).

However, at present it has become clear that parasites have not only been associated with man and animals since the dawn of mankind but that they are here to stay, many of them even as (re)emerging infections. Factors contributing to the persistence of parasitic infections at the global level include climate change, migrations of both people and animals, and changes of food habits. The geographic position of South-East Europe between Mediterranean and continental Europe, makes Serbia (as a centrally located country in the region) a privileged area to monitor ongoing and anticipate emerging parasitic infections. Of particular significance are those transmitted to man by animals or their products (zoonoses), which naturally connect the medical and veterinary profession. In addition, parasites have become a professional challenge in fields such as agriculture, food technology and food industry, and moreover, with the molecular approach becoming part of modern parasitological diagnostics and research, the spectrum of professionals interested in parasites has broadened to include molecular biologists as well. Given all this, there was a feeling among all these professionals of an urgent need to renew the activities of a Society devoted only but comprehensively to the field of parasitology.

The SSP is aimed to respond to this need. As an association of professionals focusing on parasites and human and animal parasitic infections, the goals of SSP include contribution to the development of research in both basic and applied parasitology and application of the results, while nurturing professional development of its members, by enhancing education and local, national, regional and international cooperation. A good indication that this has been needed is the constant increase in the SSP membership in only the few months since the 2012 General Assembly.